Overview of the Infrastructure Sector in India

2014-04-01
Published : Apr-2014

A strong infrastructure plays an important role in the development of a country’s economy. Dilapidated ports, crumbling roads and an overstretched energy grid have long dragged on India’s economy.

India has one of the fastest growing GDPs in the world. But GDP’s of China and Russia are much higher in comparison to India. It is believed that the GDP growth in India has been constrained by its lack of infrastructure.

The Indian government has taken up large-scale infrastructure ventures like Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor, for which the government collaborated with Japan. The Indian government played an important role by liberalizing FDI (Foreign Direct Investment) norms.

The planning commission of the country has projected an investment of $1 trillion for the infrastructure sector during the 12th Five Year Plan, with 40% of the funds coming from the private sector. India has focused on infrastructure over the last decade; as a result the country has the second fastest growing economy in the world. On account of India’s constant growth, investors are provided with tremendous opportunity in the power and transportation segment.

The economic growth in the country is expected to continue at 7-7.5% despite the global downturn. Although there are a few restrictions on FDI for infrastructure projects, the Indian market is opening up of the infrastructure sector through PPP (Public-Private Partnership).

As the economy slows down and infrastructure projects are being stalled, bad debt held by Indian banks is growing. Indian infrastructure companies grew rapidly through most of the 2000s, embarking on impressive projects fuelled by debt. The debt has jumped from Rs 1.3 lakh crore at the end of March 2012 to Rs 2.4 lakh crore at the end of December 2013.

The Indian infrastructure includes roads, railways, ports, power and aviation. India’s railway segment generated Rs 59069.73 crore of revenue from commodity-wise freight traffic between April and November 2013, increasing by 7.91% from last year.

There is a lot of potential in the Indian infrastructure market. In the total investment, the share of private sector participation is expected to be around 30%. The Indian government is aware that the GDP growth targets will require heavy investments, which will be only possible if there is a substantial expansion in private sector contribution.

Explore latest market research report on Indian infrastructure @
http://www.sandlerresearch.org/india-infrastructure-report-q2-2012.html

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